Travel Photo of the Day: Bermuda Buns and Kites
Like most things, these buns are even better when deep-fried.
There is one time of the year that Bermudians, visitors, and residents of this 21-square-mile Island in the Atlantic Ocean join together for kite-flying — Good Friday. The kite-flying tradition began with kites shaped like the Cross, but have grown from the religious to heights (10 feet!) and shapes that barely could have been imagined.
To build a Bermuda kite, you require:
- Tissue paper of all colors
- A wooden frame
The benefits of careful creasing of the tissue paper to cover the wooden frame are only recognized once the kite is miles above Horseshoe Beach and dancing along the wind.
Of course, to sustain the kite-flying is Bermuda’s tradition of hot cross buns. These fruit-filled delights are only complete when a fishcake is in between them. Bermuda’s fishcakes are made from cod (a fish not available in Bermuda, but a tradition from their British ancestors), potato, thyme, onion, parsley, curry powder, salt, pepper, and a covering of flour before deep-frying.
Delicious and the perfect sustenance for a Good Friday flying session!
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Complete History of Kites
A kite is a secured heavier-than-air craft or even fastened lighter-than air craft with wing surfaces that fly against the air to generate lift and drag. A kite consists of wings, ropes, and anchors. Kites often have a harness and tail to control the kite’s face so the wind can elevate it.
It glides in shades, tones, and hues of rainbow colors in the clouds’ immediate vicinity. It is a systematic and sporting activity, entertainment and canvas for creative expression. For thousands of years, it has graced the skies of many countries of the world.
Let’s look at the fascinating history of kites.
Kites were born in Asia, though their precise origin can only be speculated. The oldest depiction of a kite is from a mesolithic period cave mural in Muna Island, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, which has been recorded from 9500–9000 years B.C.E.
It has a rich history but nothing is sure about the designer. People believe that kites spread into India by Huin and FHien, the two Chinese travelers about 3,000 years ago. The kite did have its roots in China, where the building supplies were readily available, but it is not easy to find its date of birth as to classify its history and legend.
Tales of kites landed in Europe through Marco Polo towards the start of the 13th century. Kites were brought back by marines from Japan and Malaysia in the medieval era. However, the years from 1860 to about 1910 was the “golden age of kiting” when these were used as channels for scientific experiments.
Around 190 BC, some kites assisted the military action. These had wind-harp, which echoed the wind and created a sound that frightened the enemy.
Another account discusses the famous Chinese General Han Hsin, who attacked the palace in 196 B.C. He used a kite to estimate the distance between his troops and the palace walls, post which he developed a tunnel and penetrate the palace.
According to the historical inscription, in 200 BCE, Huin flew a kite at night to threaten the Han dynasty’s army. From 100 BCE to 500 CE, kites were used to transmit signals and mark the situation of enemy camps. In 1939 the U.S. Air Force and Navy equipped pilots with ‘Gibson Girl’ that contained feminine ideal to protect signal kite kits. These methods were also used by the Australian and British Air Forces later in World War 2. The Russian Air Force produced a very similar rescue kit. The kite rescue kits were used through the Korean War in the 1950′s.
It was between AD 960 and 1126 that kite flying became a famous sport in China. The Chinese used kites for psychological warfare too. In this procedure, the kites were used to lower leaflets into a jail that held prisoners. It prompted riots that led to their escape.
Regarding Indian history, kites were mentioned in Madhumalti by Manjhan. They were called Patang. Here, the flight of a kite is compared with the loved one by a poet. Marathi writers Tukaram and Eknath also illuminated kites in their verses where the word ‘Vavdi‘ has been used. In the book, Bill Thomas writes that the kite played a vital role in an early territory battle between Hindus and Muslims. The Scottish meteorologist Dr. Alexander Wilson and Thomas Melville used kites to elevate thermometers to a height of 3000 feet to estimate temperature fluctuation at altitude.
Kites in different Cultures
Kite festivals are a traditional form of entertainment throughout the world. They include significant local events, traditional festivals held for hundreds of years, and major international festivals which bring in kite flyers from other countries under one roof…or sky.
In Indonesia, kites are flown as both sport and recreation. One of the most popular kite variants is from Bali. Balinese kites are different, and they have varying designs and forms birds, butterflies, dragons, ships, etc. In Vietnam, kites are flown without tails. Instead, small flutes are added, allowing the wind to “hum” a musical tune.
Kites are very common in India, with Gujarat, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Punjab notable for their kite fighting festivals. Highly maneuverable single-string paper and bamboo kites are flown from the rooftops while using line friction to cut each other’s kite lines, either by letting the cutting line loose at high speed or by pulling the line in a fast and repeated manner. During the Indian spring festival of Makar Sankranti, millions of people fly kites all over India around mid January.
In Japan, kite flying is traditionally a child’s play in the New Year holidays and in the Boys’ Festival in May. In some areas, there is a custom to celebrate a new born baby boy with a new kit. There are several kite festivals throughout Japan. The most famous one is the “Yōkaichi Giant Kite Festival” in Higashiōmi, Shiga, which started in 1841.
In Greece and Cyprus, flying kites is a custom for Clean Monday, the first day of Lent. In the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda, traditional Bermuda kites are made and flown at Easter, to symbolize Christ’s ascent.
Polynesian traditional kites are sometimes used for celebrations and variants of traditional kites for amusement. Older pieces are kept in museums. The people of Polynesia treasure these.
In Brazil, flying a kite is an everyday leisure activity for children, teenagers, and even young adults. Like the Indian version, the goal is to manoeuvre their kites to cut the other persons’ kites’ strings during flight, followed by kite running where participants race through the streets to take the free-drifting kites.
Whatever the history is, and the theories of its origin, it is the wind that earns the credit for this discovery. The legend has it that the hat of a Chinese farmer blown by the wind helped create the first kite. The fact and the shock are how a simple kite could have been used in ways that we can hardly ever imagine!
- 5 cups all-purpose flour
- 2 (.25 ounce) packages dry yeast
- 1 cup milk
- ¾ cup water
- ½ cup vegetable oil
- ¼ cup white sugar
- 1 teaspoon salt
Stir together 2 cups flour and the yeast. In a separate bowl, heat milk, water, oil, sugar and salt to lukewarm in microwave. Add all at once to the flour mixture, and beat until smooth, about 3 minutes.
Mix in enough flour to make a soft dough, 2 to 3 cups. Mix well. Dust a flat surface with flour, turn dough out onto floured surface, and let rest under bowl for about 10 minutes.
Shape dough into 12 slightly flat balls, and place on greased baking sheet to rise until doubled in size.
Bake in a preheated 400 degrees F (200 degrees C) oven for 12 to 15 minutes.
The Easiest Mother&rsquos Day Recipes for Kids To Make
This Mother&rsquos Day, skip all the online shopping and let the kids make extra special gifts right in the kitchen. No matter their skill level, we&rsquove gathered recipes that are easy to whip up (with adult assistance) and will make them&mdashand Mom&mdashbeam with pride. Just make sure she isn&rsquot left with a sink full of dirty dishes!
To keep things easy and achievable, we&rsquove assigned a skill level to every recipe. Follow this key to set kids up for successfully treating Mom to a special Mother&rsquos Day morning.
For the Kitchen-Curious
If your child&rsquos time in the kitchen is mostly spent banging on pots and pans and poking around in cabinets, spark an interest in cooking with a simple dump-and-stir recipe that they can &ldquohelp&rdquo make. This is a great opportunity to let young kids handle safe cooking utensils like spoons and spatulas, taste and smell ingredients, and watch how those ingredients change when you combine them.
For Helpful Assistants
If you already have dedicated helpers who love stirring, measuring, and taste testing, let them take the lead a bit more with these simple recipes. While you&rsquoll still need to supervise and handle certain tasks (like chopping, and operating small appliances, the oven, or stovetop), these dishes have steps they&rsquoll probably be able to do on their own. And they allow for some creative freedom too.
For Budding Chefs
If your child takes over the kitchen on a regular basis, making something for Mother&rsquos Day is probably no sweat. These recipes are great for older kids who have experience cooking, can read recipes, and can be trusted to cook with minimal supervision.
4. Fiery Easter traditions in Greece
Over 80 percent of the population of Greece belongs to the Eastern Orthodox Church. Accordingly, Easter holidays are sacred and celebrated with great devotion and fanfare, but differ in scope and tradition all over the country.
On the island of Spetses, for example, fireworks are set off from churches all over the island to mark the turn of midnight on the night of the resurrection, as Easter Saturday turns to Easter Sunday. (Fireworks are a common way for Orthodox Christians to celebrate, especially in Greece, but they’re usually set off on Easter Sunday.) Then, in the afternoon, the people conduct the “Burning of Judas” in the main square in Kounoupitsa. On the island of Folegandros, the emphasis is on the Virgin Mary, and people clean and wash their homes in preparation for the passing of an icon of the Virgin Mary.
Bermuda: What to See & Do
This almost century-old shop is a wooden-floored mecca for Bermudaphiles. While you’ll find a full slate of new fiction, it carries the island’s best collection of local editions—from histories to spooky Triangle tales—and the well-read staff will steer you right. 3 Queen St., Hamilton bermudabookstore.com
photo: Peter Frank Edwards
Pith helmets at the English Sports shop.
The English Sports Shop
Sure, you can find so-called Bermuda shorts at any haberdashery or online retailer these days. But for the real deal, don’t miss this Front Street stalwart, which also has branches in St. George’s and the West End. It offers a virtual rainbow of linen-blend shorts, along with the requisite blazers and everything else for dapper island gents. 49 Front St., Hamilton 441-295-2672
Gosling’s Dark and Stormy reputation dates back 200 years, and the company’s Black Seal rum remains one of Bermuda’s few exports. Today, seventh-generation members of the Gosling family run several retail outlets, including this landmark emporium. Jovial manager Andre “Deucey” DeSilva can recount the brand’s colorful history and point you to the $68-a-bottle wooden-boxed Family Reserve—aged over two decades in oak barrels. 33 Front St., Hamilton
- 2 cups all-purpose flour
- 1 cup white sugar
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- ½ teaspoon salt
- 1 cup butter, cut into pieces
- 2 eggs
- ½ cup milk
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
- ½ teaspoon almond extract
- ¾ cup flaked coconut
Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C).
In a large bowl, stir together the flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt. Add butter, and cut in using a pastry blender or a fork until the mixture resembles fine crumbs. In a separate bowl, whisk together the eggs, milk, vanilla extract, and almond extract. Make a well in the center of the dry ingredients, and pour in the wet ingredients. Add coconut, and mix just enough to blend. Drop by rounded tablespoonfuls onto ungreased cookie sheets.
16 Easter Bread Recipes To Add to Your Holiday Feast
You should add these Easter breads to your menu ASAP.
Easter is a time of celebration and, as with many religious celebrations, there are important family traditions that arise. Maybe your family tradition for Easter has to do with throwing the best Easter egg hunt, or going to the grocery store the day after Easter to stock up on all the best candies while they&rsquore on sale. Maybe your Easter tradition centers around baking fresh bread. Easter bread has deep roots and a lot of symbolism associated with it, as it&rsquos often baked in the shape of a wreath, which symbolizes the crown of thorns Jesus Christ wore at the crucifixion. But Easter bread has come a long way recently, and you can enjoy the tradition of baking Easter bread without being pinned down to any one type of bread. Consider trying something new this year with one of these Easter bread recipes that will be welcome additions to your holiday menu. Also, check out these delectable Easter ham recipes and Easter dinner recipes for more Easter menu ideas.
This simple hot cross bun recipe will become a family favorite year after year.
Use sunflower seeds and flax seeds to make this easy and delicious bread.
The fresh herbs are what make these rich, buttery brioche rolls taste so good.
You cannot serve these simple thyme biscuits until you add the sweet honey-thyme butter on top.
Known as Polish for "grandmother," this Eastern European Easter bread is often blessed at church before being eaten.
All 162 Breakfast Items Made on &aposThe Great British Bake Off&apos
The Great British Bake Off is not technically a show about breakfast, but breakfasts you will find breakfasts to be exact. I combed through the Great British Bake OffWikipedia archives, picking out the breakfast bakes from the treacly puddings and savory pie monstrosities. I did not include every single loaf of bread, because it is rare that one eats a loaf of bread for breakfast. Nor did I include chocolate cake, even though chocolate cake for breakfast is now officially a thing. Included, though, are breads that are specific tea and coffee accompaniments. Technical bakes count once, because everyone made the same breakfast in these cases, but I called out each signature and showstopper bake, even when the entire bake was basically breakfast themed, as when everyone prepared at two kinds of bagels during the bread week showstopper in season 3. The count would have been higher, if British biscuits were American biscuits, but they’re not. They’re cookies. Just one of those British peculiarities, which also includes a number of British and European baked goods even more obscure than oatcakes.
As with any list, this one is subjective. Although you may in fact eat savory palmiers for breakfast on the regular, I think they’re more of a party snack, so you won&apost find them here. Are biscotti breakfast? Because they tend to be served with coffee and tea, I say yes. In keeping with the spirit of GBBO, I hope these choices remain free from drama or controversy. In advance of the Series 7 final, behold and be inspired by the breadth of breakfasts on the best baking show of our time.