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Election 2012: The Swing State Cocktails

Election 2012: The Swing State Cocktails

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All eyes will be on Ohio, Colorado, Iowa (and on your drinks, too)

Back at the first presidential debate and subsequent drinking game (which feels like a long, bad hangover now), we shared some inspired cocktails for the states everyone has been watching all election cycle long: the swing states. Now, we share even more recipes for you crazy voters out there.

Click here for the Swing State Cocktail Slideshow

Dedicated to Ohio, Colorado, Virginia, Nevada, New Hampshire, and Iowa, these cocktails are sure to inspire those sought-after voters. But all the cocktails lead to one more: the Pennsylvania Avenue cocktail. Who knows which states will clinch the win for President Obama or Mitt Romney?

These swing state cocktails are made at Art and Soul in Washington, D.C., the hot spot by chef Art Smith. Add some of these swinging cocktails to your roundup of cocktails election night; they'll be a hit with both Republicans and Democrats.

THE 2000 ELECTIONS: THE SWING STATES Judge Delays Closing of Polls in St. Louis Amid Unexpectedly Heavy Turnout

A state judge delayed the closing of polls here, ruling that a huge turnout of voters had overwhelmed polling places and that many voters were being denied their rights to cast ballots.

Republicans appealed the ruling, saying it gave an unfair advantage to Democrats, since St. Louis is heavily Democratic, and they persuaded a state appeals court to close the polls at 7:45 p.m., three quarters of an hour later than had been scheduled.

Democrats said the long lines and confusion had resulted in many St. Louis residents being turned away, or giving up in exasperation.

In initially ordering the polls to stay open until 10 p.m., Judge Evelyn Baker of Circuit Court ruled tonight that the city Election Board had '⟺iled to live up to its duty to the voters of this city'' by being unprepared for the turnout. That ruling was overturned by a state appellate court, after the Republican challenge.

It was unclear how many voters had left the polls, or were turned away. But long lines and confusion marred voting throughout the day.

Mahina Nightsage, 41, said she went to the polls at 11:30 a.m., only to be told that her name was not listed on the roster of eligible voters. After going to the Election Board downtown, Ms. Nightsage said she waited three hours before her paperwork was processed, and then returned to her polling place.

''There were many people who had been waiting for hours, and they just left,'' Ms. Nightsage said.

Mayor Clarence Harmon of St. Louis said it was unclear how many people had been denied the right to vote. ''The Board of Elections Commission has a long tradition of fouling things up,'' Mr. Harmon said. ''It epitomizes politics at its worst.''

Republicans, meanwhile, were furious that the polls in St. Louis had been kept open late at all.

Senator Christopher S. Bond, a Republican, said the voting extension ''represents the biggest fraud on the voters in this state and nation that we have ever seen.''

Lawyers for Vice President Al Gore, the Democratic presidential nominee, who ran far ahead among St. Louis voters, helped the legal challenge for the voting extension. Lawyers for Gov. George W. Bush of Texas, the Republican nominee, worked on the appeal that closed the polls.

The request for a voting extension had been filed by State Senator William Lacey Clay, a Democrat, who is seeking the Congressional seat left open by the retirement of his father, Bill Clay. Lawyers for Mr. Gore had joined the state Democrats in asking for the voting extension. Lawyers for Mr. Bush had fought the extension, and filed the successful appeal in the state's appeals court.

Republicans in Missouri said the voting extension would unfairly aid Mr. Gore and the campaign of the late governor, Mel Carnahan, the Democrat whose name remains on the ballot.

If Mr. Carnahan, who was killed in a plane crash on Oct. 16, wins in the Senate race against Senator John Ashcroft, the Republican, the state's new Democratic governor, Roger Wilson, would appoint a replacement. Mr. Carnahan's widow, Jean Carnahan, has said she would accept an appointment to the Senate.

Bekki Cook, the secretary of state in Missouri, had earlier predicted an extraordinarily high rate of voting in the state, perhaps as much as 66 percent. Voter turnout tonight was estimated as high as 70 percent.

Eric Gray was one of the voters who said he had been turned away, after waiting in a long line.

''We're working people, man,'' Mr. Gray said, expressing frustration that he had been forced to stand in line, and then was turned away.

Nicole Cohen said she had also been forced to wait in a long line, but ultimately was allowed to vote.

''I'm very upset,'' said Ms. Cohen, who had a small child at her side. ''My son's hungry and cold and tired. I've been at work all day.''

Republicans said polling places in much of the state had seen long lines, and that voters in St. Louis should not have been given special treatment.

Ann Wagner, the chairwoman of the state Republican Party, said she was 'ɿurious that there would be a different set of rules for the city of St. Louis than for the rest of the state.''

But Douglas Dowd, a lawyer for the Democrats, said in the circuit court hearing that there had been ''voting irregularities'' in St. Louis that kept many voters from the polls.

He said many voters had been placed on an inactive list, and that workers at the polling places often ignored Election Board rules to phone the board headquarters to verify voter status.

Mayor Harmon said the confusion at polling places ''will become an issue and be challenged by many different people.'' He added, ''The Election Board has a long tradition of fouling things up.''

Trump Just Out and Said He'll Deploy 'Law Enforcement' as Poll Watchers on Election Day

Might it target the same places, like the crucial swing-state cities of Philadelphia, Milwaukee, and Cleveland, where his Postmaster General has already been busy?

As Joe Biden accepted the Democratic nomination for President of the United States on Thursday night, Donald Trump was on another channel helping to heighten the contradictions. It's not merely that Biden demonstrated basic empathy for other human beings, particularly those who've lost loved ones to COVID-19, while the president once again bashed Michelle Obama for understating how many Americans have died on his watch. (Again, imagine how little you'd have to care about the tens of thousands who've died to talk this way&mdashto use this as a cudgel against your opponents.) And it's not just that Biden described problems that the country faces in actual reality, rather than Antifa uprisings, or abolishing the suburbs, or the idea anyone wants to turn the U.S. into VENEZUELA! Or, yes, voter fraud.

One of the core themes of all four nights of the virtual Democratic National Convention was to vote now&mdashvote early. The Republican Party's decades-long assault on voting rights has now culminated, as so much else has, with a president who is a particularly grotesque and garish expression of their core values&mdashsuch as they are&mdashand priorities. Voter-suppression policies like voter-ID laws, a big favorite among Republican state legislatures of the last decade, claim to combat the virtually non-existent problem of in-person voter fraud while targeting groups that tend to vote for Democrats. Other policies, like closing thousands of polling places, causing long lines and dysfunction at the ones that remain, are just straight-up election rigging. And the president has debuted more of this stuff, waging war on voting by mail&mdashfirst through deranged rhetoric, and then by attempting to destroy the Post Office. He has admitted this openly, in public.

And now, having tried to scare people away from voting by mail&mdashwhich is functionally the same as voting absentee, which he and many of his Cabinet members do regularly&mdashhe is turning back to voting in person. Apparently unsatisfied with previous Republican ratfucking attempts, the president announced on Sean Hannity's Fox News show that he is just going to do fascism.

Trump says that on election day he's going to send law enforcement to polling locations

&mdash Andrew Lawrence (@ndrew_lawrence) August 21, 2020

Consider, for a moment, that Trump and Sean Hannity tuck each other into bed each night with a phone call. (In a new book excerpt, CNN's Brian Stelter reports that Hannity's confidantes say Hannity has outright told them the president is "crazy.") It seems likely that they discussed this exchange in advance, like Trump's obvious set plays with OAN correspondents at White House press briefings. Ask me about poll watchers, so I can get it out there. Hannity obliged, and the president readily announced:

Could "everyone" and "everything" possibly include the various federal forces the president has grown so fond of using in American cities? And where, exactly, will these agents be deployed? Might it map onto some of the same areas where the president's lackey Postmaster General has been assaulting the mail infrastructure, like the crucial swing-state cities of Philadelphia and Milwaukee and Cleveland? This might not be legal, but we've seen that doesn't always matter. It's also likely that the Republican Party will match this anti-democratic use of government resources with "poll watchers" of their own. They've set aside $20 million&mdashand want to recruit 50,000 people across 15 states&mdashto serve as watchers who will challenge the registration of voters they say are ineligible. They are able to do this thanks to a 2018 federal court ruling, which overturned a four-decade ban on the practice after Republicans were repeatedly found to be intimidating or working to suppress minority voters in the name of preventing "fraud."

Remember: there is no evidence voter fraud is a significant problem, even if there was one recent issue with vote-by-mail in New Jersey that was immediately detected. That's why the president just made shit up here about "them" sending mail-in ballots to "all Democrats." It's a fiction. It's paranoia and delusion, fed to his base to justify his assault on democracy. He does not want people to vote, because he fears that if they do so in large numbers, he will likely lose. He's not the first Republican to operate this way, clearly, but he has demonstrated a particular enthusiasm&mdashand ruthlessness&mdashfor trampling the most basic institutions and mechanisms of democracy to get his way. Now, it seems, he will use the implied threat of outright force under the color of law to prevent people voting in person, while simultaneously ratfucking vote-by-mail.

And that's the real resonance of Joe Biden's talk on Thursday night of this election being a choice between the dark and the light. It's about empathy and basic humanity, sure, but he was also right to rope in things like science, and reason, and free inquiry. The president does not believe in any of this. He does not subscribe to the concept of objective reality, of a shared set of facts about the world that we can all use to argue for the best way forward. He believes the truth is whatever you can get enough people to believe, and that the best way to do that is through rhetorical force.

Bludgeon your followers with the same delusional lies, over and over again, until it becomes God's own truth. Bludgeon your enemies with slanders big and small, intimidating them with the sheer audacity and force of your speech. It's not about persuading them, it's about making them submit. And when rhetoric fails, it seems, he will be willing to turn to more direct force. This is a rejection of the Enlightenment, and the principles that undergird democracy and made it possible. It is a return to the darkness, where those in power feel no need to justify their choices to those they govern. Power becomes its own justification. This election presents a stark choice indeed. Vote early.

1) Flip both U.S. Senate seats up for election

2) Compete for the state&rsquos 16 Electoral College votes

3) Break unified Republican control of the state government by flipping the Georgia State House

1) Flip the U.S. Senate seat currently held by Joni Ernst. She's running against Theresa Greenfield.

2) Compete for the state&rsquos six Electoral College votes

3) Break unified GOP control of the state government by flipping the Iowa State House

20 Bright, Refreshing Spring Cocktails to Welcome the Season

Chock-full of fresh seasonal ingredients, these drinks are the perfect way to ring in spring.

Matt Taylor-Gross

Spring is finally upon us! For most of the country, at least. It’s officially time to (safely and responsibly) frolic with (small groups of) friends, and we can’t think of a better way to do that than with a well-balanced cocktail in hand. Whether you reach for vodka, gin, or whiskey, edible flowers are always a solid move when getting into the swing of spring, from pretty-in-pink cherry blossoms to delicate pastel pansies. Not feeling flowery? No biggie. Fresh basil is always a solid choice (and easy to find in the supermarket), or turn up the volume with a whole bunch of herbs. You can’t go wrong with any of our favorite spring cocktails—the vibrant colors and fresh flavors are just the thing for celebrating the end of winter…and helping us get back into the swing of things.

Sakura Martini

Tokyo native Kenta Goto of Bar Goto in New York City has elevated the once-maligned saketini to a state of floral elegance by mixing Plymouth gin with oak-aged Junmai sake, sweet maraschino liqueur, and salted cherry blossoms. Get the recipe for the Sakura Martini »

Hibiscus Rose Vesper

To kick its flavor up a notch, this rosy pink cocktail calls for craft-distilled, Plantation vodka. Get the recipe for Hibiscus Rose Vesper »

Basil Martini

Herbal flavors have a natural affinity for gin, so we’re using basil in this martini riff. It’s a real illustration of how dramatically an herb garnish can affect a drink—there’s no basil in the drink itself, just a good gin, dry vermouth, and the aperitif Cocchi Americano—but the bright burst of basil scent on the nose brings an herbal element to the entire cocktail. Get the recipe for Basil Martini »

Everything’s Coming Up Rosé

Natasha David, head bartender of New York City’s Nitecap, grew up in Germany, where everything from wine to apple juice got gespritzt. Her bright fuchsia aperitivo mixes tannic hibiscus tea, sweet Lillet Rosé, and dry rosé with a hit of Prosecco. Get the recipe for Everything’s Coming Up Rosé »

Golden Chrysanthemum

Another from Kenta Goto, this drink pays tribute to the Japanese golden chrysanthemum flower with this amber, pear-flavored Champagne elixir. Get the recipe for Golden Chrysanthemum »

Floral Old Fashioned

Cameron Johnston of Gleneagles Hotel designed this drink for those who don’t usually go for a Scotch drink chamomile syrup and Dalwhinnie 15 combine for a delicate cocktail with a still-smoky finish. Get the recipe for Floral Old Fashioned »

Sweet Talking Son Cocktail

A cross between a sazerac and a whiskey smash, this cocktail recipe by Suffolk Arms head bartender Caitlin Ryan highlights the versatility of Copper & Kings American Craft Brandy, a brandy made in the American bourbon tradition. Unbeknownst to many, the traditional sazerac recipe called for brandy, as opposed to rye. Playing off Copper & Kings’ musical ethos—all barrels are sonically-aged, with music used to agitate the spirit—the name of the cocktail comes from a line in Dusty Springfield’s “Son of a Preacher Man.” Get the recipe for Sweet Talking Son Cocktail >>

Gin Campari Sour

Gin, Campari, and lemon are three ingredients that pair beautifully, but all have their sharp edges. Adding an egg white helps mellow and integrate these flavors without muting them, while also contributing a silky texture and an opacity that’s quite elegant in a vividly colored drink. Get the recipe for Gin Campari Sour »

Antilles Cocktail

Inspired by a cocktail at the now-closed Manhattan restaurant The Beagle, this delicately sweet, subtly floral cocktail is perfect as an after-dinner drink. Orange flower water makes a wonderful accent to armagnac’s notes of dried fruit and vanilla, while dry vermouth keeps the whole thing from becoming cloying. Get the recipe for Antilles Cocktail »

Gin: Bee’s Knees

The phrase the “bee’s knees” was used in Prohibition times as slang to mean “the best.” This cocktail, a gin sour that’s believed to have been created around that time, used lemon and honey to mask the harsh smell of bathtub gin. If your guest wants something refreshing with gin, look no further. Get the recipe for the Bee’s Knee’s cocktail »

The Verbena and Mint

Bar manager Jon di Pinto of Street ADL in Adelaide, South Australia, combines lemon verbena and gin for a crisp, refreshing summer cocktail. Get the recipe for The Verbena and Mint »

Elderflower Old Fashioned

Elderflower liqueur replaces the traditional sugar cube in this floral twist on an old favorite. Get the recipe for Elderflower Old Fashioned >>

Lavender Sour

JB Bernstein, bar manager at Vernick Food & Drink in Philadelphia, celebrates summer with this simple, floral gin cocktail, sweetened with lavender-infused syrup and garnished with lavender dust. Get the recipe for Lavender Sour >>

Water Lily

Crème de violette adds sweetness and an arresting purple color to a tart mix of gin, lemon juice, and triple sec in a cocktail based on one from Manhattan bar PDT. Get the recipe for Water Lily >>

Pendennis Cocktail

Pretty in pink with a delicate froth, this apricot-gin cocktail has a mesmerizing balance of floral, citrus, and fruity flavors. Get the recipe for Pendennis Cocktail >>

Rhubarb Fizz

This bubbly cocktail makes the most of rhubarb season. Get the recipe for Rhubarb Fizz »

Lavender Paloma

Our twist on the classic tequila and grapefruit cocktail uses mezcal, fresh grapefruit juice, and lavender simple syrup for a drink that’s simultaneously smoky, bright, and floral. Get the recipe for Lavender Paloma >>

Thousand-Dollar Mint Julep

This version of the classic three-ingredient cocktail—which combines three parts bourbon to one part of a simple syrup bracingly infused with fresh spearmint—is sanctioned by the Kentucky Derby itself as their official mint julep recipe. Get the recipe for Thousand-Dollar Mint Julep »

Blooming Champagne Cocktail

A single hibiscus flower scented with a drop or two of rose water turns a simple glass of sparkling wine into a showstopper of a cocktail. Get the recipe for Blooming Champagne Cocktail >>

Pink Negroni


The World’s First Premium African Caribbean Rum Reimagines a 400-Year-Old Category

Black-owned and bartender-owned, Equiano is a nuanced and dynamic spirit in more ways than one—we spoke to founders Ian Burrell.


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The 2012 Election Will Come Down to Seven States

The emerging general election contest gives every sign of being highly competitive, unlike 2008. Of course, things can change: Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton were both in trouble at this point in their first terms, and George H.W. Bush still looked safe. Unexpectedly strong economic growth could make Mr. Obama's re-election path much easier than it currently looks, as could the nomination of a damaged Republican candidate. But a few more weeks like the past couple, and Mr. Obama's re-election trajectory will resemble Jimmy Carter's.

Both parties are sensibly planning for a close election. For all the talk about how Hispanics or young people will vote, the private chatter is about a few vital swing states. It's always the Electoral College math that matters most.

Voting is predictable for well over half the states, so even 14 months out it's easy to shade in most of the map for November 2012.


An old fashioned was one of the simpler and earlier versions of cocktails, before the development of advanced bartending techniques and recipes in the later part of the 19th century. [2] The first documented definition of the word "cocktail" was in response to a reader's letter asking to define the word in the May 6, 1806, issue of The Balance and Columbian Repository in Hudson, New York. In the May 13, 1806, issue, the paper's editor wrote that it was a potent concoction of spirits, bitters, water, and sugar it was also referred to at the time as a bittered sling and is essentially the recipe for an old fashioned. [3] [4] J.E. Alexander describes the cocktail similarly in 1833, as he encountered it in New York City, as being rum, gin, or brandy, significant water, bitters, and sugar, though he includes a nutmeg garnish as well. [5]

By the 1860s, it was common for orange curaçao, absinthe, and other liqueurs to be added to the cocktail. As cocktails became more complex, drinkers accustomed to simpler cocktails began to ask bartenders for something akin to the pre-1850s drinks. The original concoction, albeit in different proportions, came back into vogue, and was referred to as "old-fashioned". [2] [6] The most popular of the in-vogue "old-fashioned" cocktails were made with whiskey, according to a Chicago barman, quoted in the Chicago Daily Tribune in 1882, with rye being more popular than Bourbon. The recipe he describes is a similar combination of spirits, bitters, water and sugar of seventy-six years earlier. [2]

The Pendennis Club, a gentlemen's club founded in 1881 in Louisville, Kentucky, claims the old fashioned cocktail was invented there. The recipe was said to have been invented by a bartender at that club in honor of Colonel James E. Pepper, a prominent bourbon distiller, who brought it to the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel bar in New York City. [7] Cocktail critic David Wonderich finds this origin story unlikely however, as the first mention in print of "old fashioned cocktails" was in the Chicago Daily Tribune in February 1880, before the Pendennis Club was opened this in addition to the fact that the old fashioned was simply a re-packaging of a drink that had long existed. [2] [8]

With its conception rooted in the city's history, in 2015 the city of Louisville named the old fashioned as its official cocktail. Each year, during the first two weeks of June, Louisville celebrates "Old Fashioned Fortnight" which encompasses bourbon events, cocktail specials and National Bourbon Day which is always celebrated on June 14. [9]

George Kappeler provides several of the earliest published recipes for old fashioned cocktails in his 1895 book. Recipes are given for whiskey, brandy, Holland gin, and Old Tom gin. The whiskey old fashioned recipe specifies the following (with a jigger being 2 US fluid ounces (59 ml)): [10]

Old Fashioned Whiskey Cocktail
Dissolve a small lump of sugar with a little water in a whiskey-glass
add two dashes Angostura bitters,
a small piece of ice, a piece of lemon-peel,
one jigger whiskey.
Mix with small bar-spoon and serve, leaving spoon in glass. [10]

By the 1860s, as illustrated by Jerry Thomas' 1862 book, basic cocktail recipes included Curaçao, or other liqueurs. These liqueurs were not mentioned in the early 19th century descriptions, nor the Chicago Daily Tribune descriptions of the "old fashioned" cocktails of the early 1880s they were absent from Kappeler's old fashioned recipes as well. The differences of the old fashioned cocktail recipes from the cocktail recipes of the late 19th Century are mainly preparation method, the use of sugar and water in lieu of simple or gomme syrup, and the absence of additional liqueurs. These old fashioned cocktail recipes are literally for cocktails done the old-fashioned way. [2]

Gin Cocktail
Use small bar glass
3 or 4 dashes of gum syrup
2 do [dashes] bitters Bogart's
1 wine glass of gin
1 or 2 dashes of Curaçao
1 small piece lemon peel
fill one third full of fine ice shake well and strain in a glass [11]

Old Fashioned Holland Gin Cocktail
Crush a small lump of sugar in a whiskey glass containing a little water,
add a lump of ice,
two dashes of Angostura bitters,
a small piece of lemon peel,
one jigger Holland gin.
Mix with small bar spoon.
Serve. [10]

A book by David Embury published in 1948 provides a slight variation, specifying 12 parts American whiskey, 1 part simple syrup, 1-3 dashes Angostura bitters, a twist of lemon peel over the top, and serve garnished with the lemon peel. [12] Two additional recipes from the 1900s vary in the precise ingredients, but omit the cherry which was introduced after 1930 as well as the soda water which the occasional recipe calls for. Orange bitters were a popular ingredient in the late 19th century. [13]

The original old fashioned recipe would have showcased the whiskey available in America in the 19th century: Irish, Bourbon or rye whiskey. [14] But in some regions, especially Wisconsin, brandy is substituted for whiskey (sometimes called a brandy old fashioned). [15] [16] [17] Eventually the use of other spirits became common, such as a gin recipe becoming popularized in the late 1940s. [14]

Common garnishes for an old fashioned include an orange slice or a maraschino cherry or both, [14] although these modifications came around 1930, some time after the original recipe was invented. [18] While some recipes began making sparse use of the orange zest for flavor, the practice of muddling orange and other fruit gained prevalence as late as the 1990s. [18]

Some modern variants have greatly sweetened the old fashioned, e.g. by adding blood orange soda to make a fizzy old fashioned, or muddled strawberries to make a strawberry old fashioned. [19]

Modern versions may also include elaborately carved ice though cocktail critic David Wonderich notes that this, along with essentially all other adornments or additions, goes against the simple spirit of the old fashioned. [2]

The old fashioned is the cocktail of choice of Don Draper, the lead character on the Mad Men television series, set in the 1960s. [20] The use of the drink in the series coincided with a renewed interest in this and other classic cocktails in the 2000s. [21]

In the movie It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963), pilot Tyler Fitzgerald (Jim Backus) directs passenger Dingy Bell (Mickey Rooney) to the aircraft's bar to "make us some old fashioneds." Annoyed by suggestions that he should limit drinking while piloting an airplane, and finding Bell's old fashioneds too sweet, Fitzgerald turns the controls over to Bell's sidekick Benjy Benjamin (Buddy Hackett) and retires to the back of the plane to "make some old fashioneds the old fashioned way, the way dear old dad used to." When Benjamin asks what if something happens, Fitzgerald replies, "What could happen to an old fashioned?"

In the television series M*A*S*H, character Margaret Houlihan frequently orders an old fashioned, "without the fruit", while in the Officers' Club.

In The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath, Doreen orders an old-fashioned at a bar with two men she and the protagonist have just met. As Doreen eats the fruit with a "spindly silver spoon," Lenny Shepherd playfully tries to eat it. [22]

In the 2015 movie Crazy, Stupid, Love, the old fashioned is the preferred cocktail of pickup artist Jacob Palmer, and he is shown drinking it both in the bar and at home.

In the movie Spy (2015 film), Karen Walker orders an old fashioned at a bar.

In "The Fourth Profession" by Larry Niven, serving an undesired customer a mismade old fashioned is an example of practical (rather than school-taught) knowledge.

2020 Presidential election results: see states won by Trump, Biden


This combination of pictures created on October 22, 2020 shows US President Donald Trump (L) and Democratic Presidential candidate and former US Vice President Joe Biden during the final presidential debate at Belmont University in Nashville, Tenness

OAKLAND, Calif. - To win the 2020 presidential election, Donald Trump or Joe Biden needs to secure 270 votes in the Electoral College.

Each candidate has a਍ifferent path to victory. As always, there are battleground states where the matchup between the incumbent and challenger is too close to call. For Trump, Pennsylvania and Florida are seen as the most important swing states. Biden is looking to win Wisconsin and Michigan, two states that Hillary Clinton lost in 2016. The former vice president also appears competitive in Georgia and Arizona, which have reliably voted for Republican candidates.

Below is an interactive Electoral College map followed by a list of election results from all 50 states and the District of Columbia.